LVD 2006/95/EC ( Low Voltage Directive) of the European Parliament and of the Council of December 12, 2006 on the harmonization of the laws of Member States relating to electrical equipment designed for use within certain voltage limits (codified version) was published in the OJEU L 374 on December 27, 2006, p. 10-19. It entered into force on the 20th day following that of its publication, i.e. on January 16, 2007. The old directive 73/23/EEC was repealed on the same date.
The Low Voltage Directive 2006/95/EC require electrical equipment to have protection against hazards that could arise from within the electrical equipment itself or from external influences. The directive covers all risks arising from the use of electrical equipment, including mechanical, chemical (such as, in particular, emission of aggressive substances) and all other risks. The directive also covers noise and vibration, and ergonomic aspects which could cause hazards within the scope of the directive.

The directive covers electrical equipment designed for use with a voltage rating between 50 and 1000 V for an alternating current and between 75 and 1500 V for a direct current. These voltage ratings refer to the voltage of the electrical input or output, not to voltages that may appear inside the equipment. For most electrical equipment, the health aspects of emissions of electromagnetic fields are also under the domain of the Low Voltage Directive.

The general requirements of the directive are:

  • The equipment satisfies the essential health and safety requirements of the    directive
  • The appropriate conformity assessment procedure has been carried out,      supported by drawing up a Technical Construction File
  • An EC Declaration of Conformity has been issued by the responsible person
  • CE marking has been affixed, showing that the manufacturer has complied with these    essential safety requirements
  • The electrical equipment is safe